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Acrescentamos dois artigos do Prof. Bernard Guerin (da UNISA – Universidade do Sul da Austrália) na seção “Arquivos Restritos“. Bernard Guerin é um psicólogo social interessado, entre outras coisas, na Análise do Comportamento. Suas discussões teóricas tratam da importância da linguagem para o comportamento humano e da necessidade de uma perspectiva interdisciplinar para o estudo do comportamento social. Vale a pena conferir!

Os artigos e seus resumos são:

Guerin, B. (2001). Individuals as social relationships: 18 ways that acting alone can be thought of as social behavior. Review of General Psychology, 5 (4), 406-428.

Resumo: This article argues to replace individualistic explanations of behavior with descriptions of social and historical context. Eighteen ways are outlined that playing a guitar alone in a room can be thought of as socially controlled rather than dispositionally controlled. Despite having a skin containing a body, a person for the social sciences is a conglomerate of social relationships or interactions that spans space and time. Thinking of people and causes as within a body shapes individualistic biases in our explanations and interventions. Rather than propose a new philosophy, this article reviews 18 concrete ways to begin thinking about people as social interactions and not agentic individuals. This changes the interventions we propose, alters how we view cultural practices, prevents some perennial problems of psychology, and leads the way to integrate psychology in the social sciences. Moving from dispositional explanations to study the historical and social context of social relationships also requires that psychology seriously adapt some of the more intensive research methods from other social sciences.

Guerin, B. & Miyazaki, Y. (2003). Rumores, chisme y leyendas urbanas: una teoría de contingencia social. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 35 (3), 257-272.

Resumo: Se sugiere que la función primaria de decir rumores, chismes y contar leyendas urbanas no es impartir información al escucha o aliviar su ansiedad sino más bien entretener y mantener la atención del escucha, aumentando de esta forma la solidaridad del grupo o de la red social que permite el acceso a los distintos y variados recursos que obtenemos a través de nuestras relaciones sociales. Aquí se presenta una teoría de contingencia social para los rumores, las leyendas urbanas y el chisme que ilustra sus propiedades conversacionales y la manera como se mantienen estas formas comunes de conocimiento social. Las perspectivas tradicionales de tales leyendas y una porción de la investigación sobre los rumores se comparan con el presente modelo.

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